Since receiving her Ph.D. in 2003, Professor Steele has been conducting a steady stream of studies investigating treatment outcomes for dysphagia post stroke and acquired brain injury.
These studies have focused on treatment methods employing exercise and biofeedback, either from surface EMG or about tongue pressure.
Surface EMG: Professor Steele has worked with the Biofeedback Foundation of Europe to develop software for clinicians who wish to use surface EMG for biofeedback during swallowing therapy.
Tongue Pressure: Professor Steele’s work on tongue pressure continues to support the need for refinements to tongue pressure training methods. Results from a multi-site randomized trial funded by the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario were disseminated in the following publication: Steele, C. M., Bayley, M. T., Peladeau-Pigeon, M., Nagy, A., Namasivayam, A. M., Stokely, S. L. & Wolkin, T. (2016). A randomized trial comparing two tongue-pressure resistance training protocols for post-stroke dysphagia. Dysphagia, 31(3): 452-461. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00455-016-9699-5 PMID: 26936446. PMCID: PMC4871779